Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority

Health and Safety

Apollo Hospital Nawaloka Hospital

The SLTDA is committed to ensuring maximum health and safety in the industry by:

  • Creating better work environments
  • Increasing worker participation in decision making
  • Boosting morale
  • Helping businesses retain good workers
  • Improving productivity and enhancing customer service
  • Maintaining a good image with customers. Workplace accidents can take a great toll on workers, their co-workers, and their families, in terms of pain and suffering, disability, stress, and loss or change of employment. For a small business, such accidents can also be financially devastating.
    Besides direct costs—in the form of claims costs, increased WCB premiums, and WCB fines—there are indirect costs to the business (the cost of training temporary employees, damage to property, and service interruption possibly leading to loss of customers).
    Managing health and safety in adventure tourism business involves a series of steps to prevent accidents and injuries from occurring. Hazards and risks must be identified and their effect on workers and guests determined.
    Once hazards are identified they are managed through a series of actions that are intended to eliminate or control the hazards. These risk control actions include:
    Exposure avoidance: Not engaging in the activity, for example, avoiding a set of rapids that are determined to be too difficult or dangerous by portaging around it.
    Loss prevention: Reducing the frequency or amount of time you are in contact with the hazard, for example, moving quickly through areas with hazardous rock fall overhead.
    Loss Reduction: Reducing the potential severity of incidents caused by a hazard.

Loss Segregation: Segregating responsibilities and duties to reduce the risk of erroneous and inappropriate actions, for example, having trips planned by one person, approved by another, and having leadership decisions in the field shared among more than one guide assists in reducing the risk of undertaking an inappropriate trip or inappropriate action while in the field.

Contents of a health and safety program include;

Providing general direction to management, supervisors and workers about their responsibilities and roles in providing a safe and healthy workplace Providing direction
responsible for a portion of a program Communicating health and safety policies and procedures Opening the lines of communication by encouraging workers to express their concerns about health and safety.
An effective program requires the support of management, the participation of workers, good lines of communication that encourage problem solving of health and safety issues, and regular program reviews.

The key steps of a health and safety program include

  1. identifying hazards and assessment of risks, so you can focus on those things that are most likely to cause accidents
  2. enforcing safe work procedures, which spell out how work is to be done safely.
  3. providing orientation, education, training, and supervision, which are particularly important for young workers and new workers.